HOSPITAL SOFTWARE & MOBILE APPLICATIONS
A hospital information system (HIS) is an element of health informatics that focuses mainly on the administration needs of hospitals. In many implementations, a HIS is a comprehensive, integrated information system designed to manage all the aspects of a hospital’s operation, such as medical, administrative, financial, and legal issues and the corresponding processing of services.Hospital Information System architecture has three main levels, Central Government Level, Territory Level, and Patient Carrying Level. Generally, all types of hospital information system (HIS) are supported in client-server architectures for networking and processing. Most work positions for HIS are currently resident types. Mobile computing began with wheeled PC stands. Now tablet computers and smartphone applications are used.
Enterprise HIS with Internet architectures have been successfully deployed in Public Healthcare Territories and have been widely adopted by further entities. The Hospital Information System (HIS) is a province-wide initiative designed to improve access to patient information through a central electronic information system. HIS’s goal is to streamline patient information flow and its accessibility for doctors and other healthcare providers. These changes in service will improve patient care quality and patient safety over time.
The patient carries system records patient information, patient laboratory test results, and patient’s doctor information. Doctors can access easily person information, test results, and previous prescriptions. Patient schedule organization and early warning systems can provide by related systems.
HIS has data warehousing as the main topic, hence a more static model of information management. HIS is often composed of one or several software components with specialty-specific extensions, as well as of a large variety of sub-systems in medical specialties from a multi-vendor market. Specialized implementations name, for example, Laboratory Information System (LIS), Policy and Procedure Management System, Radiology Information System (RIS) or Picture archiving and communication system (PACS).
Architecture is based on a distributed approach and on the utilization of standard software products complying with the industrial and market standards must be utilized (such as: UNIX operating systems, MS-Windows, local area network based on Ethernet and TCP/IP protocols, relational database management systems based on SQL language or Oracle databases, C programming language).
Portable devices such as smartphones and tablet computers may be used at the bedside.
Hospital Information Systems provide a common source of information about a patient’s health history. The system has to keep data in a secure place and controls who can reach the data in certain circumstances. These systems enhance the ability of healthcare professionals to coordinate care by providing a patient’s health information and visit history at the place and time that it is needed. Patient’s laboratory test information also includes visual results such as X-ray, which may be reachable by professionals. HIS provide internal and external communication among healthcare providers.
The HIS may control organizations (a Hospital in this case), official documentation, financial situation reports, personal data, utilities and stock amounts. The HIS also keeps in a secure place: patients’ information, patients’ medical history, prescriptions, operations and laboratory test results.
The HIS may protect organizations, handwriting errors, overstock problems, conflict of scheduling personnel, and official documentation errors like tax preparations errors.
THE ADVANTAGES OF MOBILE HEALTH APPS TODAY & TOMORROW
The Fitbit could get people moving more and thereby preventing disease while the future holds mobile devices capable of measuring cholesterol, heart rate, and possibly even the presence of an infection.
The mobile health industry, along with remote monitoring and telehealth systems, has a wide impact on reducing hospitalizations and emergency room visits throughout the healthcare spectrum by improving communication and care coordination among specialists, doctors, nurses, and others. Research has shown that hospital readmission rates have been cut by 92 percent while emergency room visits dropped by 87 percent with the use of mobile health apps and greater communication.
The use of mobile communication tools has also allowed for greater patient engagement, which means more individuals are focused on improving their health and wellness such as sticking to a healthy, physician-recommended diet, continuing exercise routines, and adhering to their medication schedule along with follow-up appointments.
Benefits of mHealth in emergency care
One interesting area in which mobile health apps can assist individuals was found in the emergency room among hydrocephalus patients. One Healthcare app was able to store important information about a patient’s surgery, shunt or medical device installed, medical history, and vital notifications.
This was vital in the emergency room because patients with hydrocephalus and a shunt installed in their brain could have health issues related to the failures of the medical device. Having a mobile health app that can offer assistance to a healthcare provider by detailing everything they need to know about prior operations and medical devices is a major advancement for this particular patient population.
The problem that the Health apps address is that many patients with hydrocephalus ended up in the emergency room without knowing what type of shunt they had installed or any of its settings. This is troublesome if a patient is traveling and ends up at a healthcare provider without this information at hand.
However, with mobile health apps that store this vital information, the problem is fixed and patients are able to feel secure in knowing their health is protected even when traveling out of town.
We found that patients had mostly positive things to say about these mobile tools with some even being thankful for the app saving their life when ending up in emergency care.
Additionally, sometimes patients ended up needing an MRI, showing up to an appointment, and not knowing whether their shunt was compatible with an MRI machine. Using the Health app, however, helped the imaging professionals to see whether the patient could undergo the MRI screening without any problems or whether to hold off on this particular test.
Health apps for diagnosing disease
Mobile health apps and devices are really making a strong impact in the healthcare industry, as they may even be able to diagnose disease and prevent the likelihood of developing dangerous medical conditions like heart disease or diabetes.The Fitbit could get people moving more and thereby preventing disease while the future holds mobile devices capable of measuring cholesterol, heart rate, and possibly even the presence of an infection.
“We think in the short-term, what we’re seeing is very rapid growth in devices like the Fitbit and many other similar devices that count our steps,” he responded. “Studies going way back find that people who track their health and activity are healthier. It may be obvious in a way, but nevertheless, that correlation has real merit. The simplest thing is how many steps you took – devices that measure your activity.”
“The future is going to be much more significant in terms of the breadth of things that could be measured. It’s not just steps – it could be cholesterol, the presence of an infection, your heart rate, or many different tests that could be indicators for the actions within one’s body.
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